Wednesday, June 03, 2009

Remembering RFK's call on the anniversary of his last day of life

Forty-one years ago, on the morning of June 4, 1968, reporter Jack Newfield rose early and drove around Los Angeles before the sun came up, before the polls for the California primary opened. What he saw contradicted the conventional wisdom that people of color and poverty didn’t vote. He saw long lines of people in some of the poorest areas of the city lined up to vote for Senator Robert Francis Kennedy. In fact, more people would vote in Watts and East LA than in Beverly Hills in that election.

A great part of Robert Kennedy’s appeal came from his authenticity. Unlike most people in politics, he didn’t focus on the politically expedient. Kennedy campaigned for gun control in pro-gun Oregon. He chided medical students seeking Vietnam War draft deferments because he didn’t feel it was fair to put the burden of fighting the war solely on the backs of the poor. He complained many times about welfare, feeling that it caused dependency, when what the people really needed were jobs. In South Africa, he denounced apartheid and wondered aloud, “What if God is black?”

As a Senator, frustrated by the slow pace of the legislative process, he became a community organizer, rounding up leaders in both the activist and business communities to turn an economically disadvantaged New York neighborhood into the nation’s first community redevelopment program, the Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation. As Newfield wrote in his memoir “RFK,” “Kennedy seemed to believe in moral outrage as public policy. He felt that the ‘unacceptable’ – like living conditions in Bed-Stuy – had to be changed, not just deplored in speeches.”

Kennedy became a fierce opponent of the war he and his brother helped to start. Under pressure from Tom Wicker on “Face the Nation” as to his contradictory stance of opposing the Vietnam War while refusing (at that point) to challenge President Lyndon B. Johnson for the Democratic party presidential nomination, Kennedy breached his own dam, saying:

“…we’re killing innocent people because we don’t want to have the war fought on America soil, or because they’re 12,000 miles away and they might get to be 11,000 miles away. … Those of us who stay here in the United States, we must feel it when we use napalm, when a village is destroyed and civilians killed. This is also our responsibility. This is a moral obligation and a moral responsibility for us here in the United States. And I think we have forgotten that. … I think we’re going to have a difficult time explaining that to ourselves.”

The day after Kennedy’s now famous speech in the wake of Martin Luther King’s assassination, Kennedy spoke these words at a luncheon in Cleveland:

“What has violence ever accomplished? What has it ever created? … [W]e seemingly tolerate a rising level of violence that ignores our common humanity and our claims to civilization alike. We calmly accept newspaper reports of civilian slaughter in far-off lands. We glorify killing on movie and television screens and call it entertainment. We make it easy for men of all shades of sanity to acquire whatever weapons and ammunition they desire.”

Kennedy also spoke of “another kind of violence, slower but just as deadly, destructive as the shot or the bomb in the night. This is the violence of institutions, indifference and inaction and slow decay. This is the violence that afflicts the poor, that poisons relations between men because their skin has different colors. This is a slow destruction of a child by hunger, and schools without books and homes without heat in the winter.”

But Kennedy’s strongest words could well be repeated today when considering the terrible conflict between the Palestinians and the Israelis, our battles in Iraq and Afghanistan, or even the rhetoric of hate radio, for that matter:

“When you teach a man to hate and fear his brother, when you teach that is a lesser man because of his color or his beliefs or the policies he pursues, when you teach that those who differ from you threaten your freedom or your job or your family, then you also learn to confront others not as fellow citizens but as enemies—to be met not with cooperation but with conquest, to be subjugated and mastered. …

“We must admit the vanity of our false distinctions among men and learn to find our own advancement in the search for the advancement of all. We must admit in ourselves that our own children’s future cannot be built on the misfortunes of others. We must recognize that this short life can neither be ennobled or enriched by hatred or revenge. Our lives on this planet are too short and the work to be done too great to let this spirit flourish any longer in our land.”

Kennedy’s own life was short indeed. He lived only eight more weeks after that speech before an assassin’s bullet took him down in the pantry in Los Angeles.

Kennedy was asked by the British TV host David Frost just a month before his death how he would like to be remembered.

Kennedy responded, “Something about the fact that I made some contribution to either my country, or those who were less well off. I think back again to what Camus wrote about the fact that perhaps this world is a world in which children suffer, but we can lessen the number of suffering children, and if you do not do this, then who will do it? I’d like to feel that I’d done something to lessen that suffering.”

Whose suffering can you lessen today? Will you do it? There are so many ways. If you don’t see a direct path, consider contributing money to a charity. If you have no money, consider volunteering at a homeless shelter. Write a letter to your Congressperson asking them to create more jobs. Do something today, in honor of one of the best leaders this country never got the chance to have at the helm.

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5 Comments:

Blogger Jamey Hecht said...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R4bXQpifODU

12:28 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thanks for posting this today.

9:12 AM  
Blogger Dawn Meredith said...

I wonder if this loss will ever be less sad. I have come to accept that it won't be.

Good advice for today, thanks.
For everyday, really.
Dawn

3:06 AM  
Blogger Bob In Pacifica said...

I only find fault with the line about Bobby and JFK helping to start the Vietnam War. It's not that neat. Vietnam had been run as a colony by the French before WWII, occupied by the Japanese during the war, then "given back" to the French after the war. The French post-war occupation continued badly, with American support, until Dien Bien Phu in 1954. The U.S. took over France's role, the country was bifurcated, elections were cancelled by the U.S. The regime supported in the South by the U.S. was filled with people who had been collaborators with Japan during WWII. All of this happened before JFK stepped into the White House.

Long short, before anyone lays the Vietnam War at the Kennedys' feet he or she needs to acknowledge the history from 1945 to 1960. The Vietnam War didn't happen in a vaccuum. This was part of the emerging U.S. security state's grand planning since the defeat of the Axis powers. JFK went along with it, initially, not unlike how he went along with the Bay of Pigs invasion, another national security fiasco. These were "tarbabies," endeavors whose purpose, beyond the military goals, were to make the office of the Presidency, or at least regarding its foreign policy goals, subservient to the military.

To the extent that blame for the Vietnam War is laid on the Kennedys the propaganda against them and the rewriting of history by the allies of the national security state have succeeded.

I realize that this was one part of one sentence in an otherwise wonderful essay. Please excuse my obsessiveness on this point.

6:43 AM  
Blogger Real History Lisa said...

You are absolutely correct, Bob, and I wish I hadn't worded it quite that way. Both of them felt some share of blame for the fact that our troops were killing people in Vietnam. But no, they didn't start the war there, and both of them, in their own ways, tried very much to end it.

7:32 AM  

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